A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Discovery method

A teaching method based on permitting a student to acquire knowledge by discovering it directly, usually through experimentation. Most commonly used in laboratory science experiments, the discovery method can be applied to all levels of education and in almost all subjects if the teacher points the student in the proper direction and provides enough materials in correct sequence to permit the inevitable discovery.

Engel v. Vitale

A 1962 decision by the U.S. Supreme Court declaring unconstitutional a New York State law giving public school officials the option to mandate a daily nondenominational prayer in school.

Mutual Education and Cultural Exchange Act (Fulbright-Hays Act)

Enabling legislation passed by Congress in 1961 to permit American...

Committee on College Entrance Requirements

A NATIONAL EDUCATION ASSOCIATION group formed in 1895 to develop a standardized high school curriculum to prepare students for college.

The College Blue Book

A five-volume directory available in print or online giving complete descriptions of about 3,000 U.S. and Canadian colleges.

School census

A count of all school-age and preschool-age children residing within a specific school district.

Lowell Mason (1792–1872)

American music educator, composer and generally known as the “father of American music education.”

Bell Telephone Co.

A pioneer in workplace vocational education and one of the first companies to establish formal, in-house educational programs to teach employees a wide range of managerial, scientific and vocational skills.

Land-grant colleges

State-run, public institutions of higher education established and originally financed under provisions of the two Morrill, or Land Grant, Acts passed by Congress in 1862 and 1890.

Class size

The number of students in a regularly scheduled class.

Presidential Scholars

The nation’s highest honor for a high school student, an honorary, nonmonetary award given by the president of the United States each year to the 141 most distinguished graduating high school seniors in the United States.

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