A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Discovery method

A teaching method based on permitting a student to acquire knowledge by discovering it directly, usually through experimentation. Most commonly used in laboratory science experiments, the discovery method can be applied to all levels of education and in almost all subjects if the teacher points the student in the proper direction and provides enough materials in correct sequence to permit the inevitable discovery.

Calvin H. Wiley (1819–1887)

Americaneducator who defied violent antieducation sentimentin his native North Carolina to establishuniversal public education in the state andto keep most schools running during the CivilWar.

Community service

An elementary and secondary school activity for students to serve in any school-approved volunteer organization that serves the community.

Nutrition

In education, the proper feeding and nourishment of children and adolescents.

Intergovernmental Advisory Council on Education

A presidentially appointed group of 20 federal,

Entrepreneurial (proprietary) schools

Privately owned, for-profit schools that usually specialize in teaching a craft, skill or trade.

Curriculum audit

A formal, week-long examination and evaluation of a school’s curriculum and teaching methods by a team of examiners from the American Association of School Administrators...

Epilepsy

A neurological disorder involving electrical discharges in the brain that provoke a variety of involuntary activities, such as seizures.

Edwards v. Aguillard

A 1987 U.S. Supreme Court decision that, in effect, declared unconstitutional a Louisiana law that prohibited teaching...

Speed test

A standardized test designed to measure student ability to respond instantly in an anxiety-provoking situation—i.e., under pressure of examination.

Psalter

The Book of Psalms from the Old Testament, or a collection of psalms.

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