A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Discovery method

A teaching method based on permitting a student to acquire knowledge by discovering it directly, usually through experimentation. Most commonly used in laboratory science experiments, the discovery method can be applied to all levels of education and in almost all subjects if the teacher points the student in the proper direction and provides enough materials in correct sequence to permit the inevitable discovery.

American Association of University Women

An association of 140,000 graduates of accredited colleges, universities and two-year or community colleges, working for the advancement of women.

Improving America’s Schools Act

A 1994 federal law that renewed and revamped the ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION ACT OF 1965.

Financing of Adult and Lifelong Learning

Adult learning is a wide-ranging phenomenon and accordingly its financing. It engages individuals, organizations, communities, and nations.

Norm

In education, the average achievement or performance level of a preselected group against which others may be compared to determine whether they are above, below or at the norm.

Boston Manufacturing Company of Waltham

An early 19th-century yarn-making factory that organized a new form of apprenticeship training designed for mass production factory work rather than individual craftsmanship.

United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW)

A nowdefunct cabinet department that included the Office of Education. 

Objective test

An examination in which scoring is independent of examiner discretion.

Selective Service Qualification Test

A standardized verbal and mathematics aptitude test administered by the United States Selective Service System to college and university students from 1951 to 1963 and in 1966 and 1967 to determine whether or not to grant temporary student deferments from universal military conscription.

Dutch Reformed Church

The established church of New Netherland, when the Dutch ruled present-day New York, from 1625 to 1664.

Civil Rights Act of 1964

A far-reaching federal law that banned racial and ethnic segregation in American public schools, colleges and universities and all other educational institutions receiving federal assistance.

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