A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Discovery method

A teaching method based on permitting a student to acquire knowledge by discovering it directly, usually through experimentation. Most commonly used in laboratory science experiments, the discovery method can be applied to all levels of education and in almost all subjects if the teacher points the student in the proper direction and provides enough materials in correct sequence to permit the inevitable discovery.

Auditory training

Instruction of the hearing impaired to understand sounds and speech.

Illiteracy

An inability to read or write; according to the national Adult Literacy Survey released in the 1990s, between 21% and 23% of the adult citizens of the United States are affected.

Right to Read

A federal program established by Congress in 1974 to improve the reading skills of American citizens and to eliminate illiteracy.

Georgia

One of the original 13 states and the fourth to join the Union, in 1788. Georgia planned to build state-supported schools in each county when it drafted its first constitution in 1777,

Normal distribution curve

A bell-shaped graph representing the distribution of scores to form a symmetrical pattern, with the same number of scores evenly distributed on either side of a vertical line drawn from the baseline of the graph to the peak of the bell curve.

Pintner General Ability Tests

A onceubiquitous battery of aptitude tests routinely given each year in the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s to measure academic aptitudes of students in all grades, from K through 12.

Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746–1827)

Swiss educational reformer whose pedagogy revolutionized education in western Europe and the United States.

Educational Products Information Exchange Institute (EPIE)

A nonprofit organization chartered by the Regents of the University of the State of New York as a clearinghouse of information on educational products for school districts and state educational agencies nationwide.

Spiral curriculum

A graphic term to describe a curricular design that constantly reviews previously mastered concepts while continually adding new ones.

Zero reject

A concept derived from the federal Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 and subsequent court decisions requiring public school districts to provide all handicapped children with free, appropriate education.

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