A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Discovery method

A teaching method based on permitting a student to acquire knowledge by discovering it directly, usually through experimentation. Most commonly used in laboratory science experiments, the discovery method can be applied to all levels of education and in almost all subjects if the teacher points the student in the proper direction and provides enough materials in correct sequence to permit the inevitable discovery.

Green v. County School Board of New Kent County

A 1968 U.S. Supreme Court decision that struck down a desegregation plan allowing black and white students in New Kent County to choose whether or not they wanted to attend formerly all-black or all-white schools.

Secretary of education (U.S.)

The administrative head of the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, a cabinet-level department that administers and coordinates most federal aid to education and compiles statistics on and disseminates the vast majority of data on American education.

Compulsory education

The legally required instruction of children in government-approved facilities by government-approved teachers.

Winnetka Plan

One of the many innovative educational experiments that American teachers and school administrators were attempting in the wake of JOHN DEWEY’s seminal work in the UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO LABORATORY SCHOOL.

Public schools curriculum

The totality of formal academic courses offered in American public schools.

Cotton Mather (1663–1728)

Puritan clergyman, author, scholar and a force behind the founding of Yale University.

Mainstreaming

The enrollment in conventional classrooms of exceptional students with special needs.

Camer v. Eikenberry

A 1983 case in which a public school pupil claimed school authorities had denied him due process and equal protection under the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution by excluding him from an honors program...

Social utility theory

An approach to curricular development designed to make almost all studies provide students with knowledge and skills that will help them function successfully in society.

District of Columbia

A federal district created by an act of Congress in 1790–91, which includes the city of Washington, the national capital.

Feedback