A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Discovery method

A teaching method based on permitting a student to acquire knowledge by discovering it directly, usually through experimentation. Most commonly used in laboratory science experiments, the discovery method can be applied to all levels of education and in almost all subjects if the teacher points the student in the proper direction and provides enough materials in correct sequence to permit the inevitable discovery.

Spartan education

A harsh, physically oriented form of education dispensed in an atmosphere of strict military or quasi-military discipline.

Peabody Education Fund

A philanthropic trust established in 1867 by Massachusetts financier and railroad magnate GEORGE FOSTER PEABODY to build schools and promote education in the south.

Process/product evaluation

A euphemism for program assessment. Developed in the 1980s, the term divides program evaluation into two parts.

Sea-grant colleges

A group of colleges in five coastal states that trains professional officers for the United States Merchant Marine. 

School District of the City of Grand Rapids v. Ball

A 1985 U.S. Supreme Court decision that declared it unconstitutional... 

Teacher’s aide

A paraprofessional school worker, usually assigned to one or more teachers to perform noninstructional duties such as clerical work or supervision of students who have been isolated in quiet areas to do their work.

School staffing ratios

Any of a variety of ratios that relate the number of students to the number of full-time teachers (student-teacher ratio), counselors to students, administrators to teachers, etc. 

Accountability

The obligation to provide proof of having fulfilled one’s responsibility.

Predicting student population (PSP)

Any of several statistical methods of estimating district or school enrollment over an extended period.

Citizenship and Immigrant Education

In the field of adult education, it is possible to identify two separate areas of research, theory, and practice that are often related: citizenship education and immigrant education. Generally speaking, citizenship education aims at preparing individuals to become citizens in a particular political community.

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