A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Discovery method

A teaching method based on permitting a student to acquire knowledge by discovering it directly, usually through experimentation. Most commonly used in laboratory science experiments, the discovery method can be applied to all levels of education and in almost all subjects if the teacher points the student in the proper direction and provides enough materials in correct sequence to permit the inevitable discovery.

Wechsler Intelligence Scales

A battery of individually administered intelligence tests developed by Dr. David Wechsler for his adult patients at Bellevue Hospital in New York City in 1939 and was long known as the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale.

Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction (1950)

A small, classic pedagogical “how-to” work by Ralph Tyler of the University of Chicago aimed at introducing new courses and developing a curriculum.

Josiah Strong (1847–1916)

American religious leader who tried to unite American Protestant churches in a crusade to Christianize the United States, using education and the nation’s schools as primary vehicles.

School District of Abington Township v. Schempp

A 1963 U.S. Supreme Court decision making prayers and Bible readings in public schools unconstitutional, even when unwilling students were excused from such classes.

Margaret Mead (1901–1978)

Pioneer American anthropologist, sociologist, social critic and educational theorist whose studies of primitive cultures spawned a variety of conflicting pedagogies in American education.

Private school

In modern American education, any school not operated or directly funded by a governmental agency.

Montana

The 41st state to enter the Union, in 1889.

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

The landmark 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision that outlawed racial segregation in American public schools and signaled the end to racial segregation in all public facilities in the United States.

Hearing impaired

Any person with a hearing loss, whether mild, moderate, severe or profound.

Unit of instruction

The smallest subdivision of a subject or course, consisting of a specific problem or topic or group of closely interrelated problems and topics.

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