A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Discovery method

A teaching method based on permitting a student to acquire knowledge by discovering it directly, usually through experimentation. Most commonly used in laboratory science experiments, the discovery method can be applied to all levels of education and in almost all subjects if the teacher points the student in the proper direction and provides enough materials in correct sequence to permit the inevitable discovery.

Graduate university

A university devoted exclusively to graduate school education, with no affiliated undergraduate colleges.

Junior high school

A secondary school encompassing grades seven and eight and sometimes nine.

Tuition payment plan

A school, college or privately sponsored program whereby tuition costs for elementary, secondary or higher education may be paid in monthly, interest-free installments instead of a large lump sum at the beginning of the semester or academic year.

Natural philosophy

One of the three Aristotelian divisions of philosophy, which 17th- and 18th-century educators in England and the American colonies used as a convenient approach to teaching philosophy in secondary schools and colleges.

Teachers’ institutes

Intensive, multi-day or week-long training programs for teachers.

Career colleges / schools

Any of a wide variety of for-profit colleges or PROPRIETARY SCHOOLS, offering courses and practical training in career skills for the workplace—office management, cooking or drafting, to cite only a few examples.

National testing

A controversial scheme to require all students in the United States to take a battery of standardized tests to measure levels of educational achievement. 

Rochester Plan

A much-heralded but largely unsuccessful 1987 program to reform public school education in Rochester, New York.

Briggs v. Elliot

One of four separate cases consolidated by the U.S. Supreme Court into the single landmark case known as BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION OF TOPEKA.

Army Specialized Training Program (ASTP)

A World War II program that permitted draftees in college to finish their undergraduate and graduate education before entering military service.

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