A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

California Test of Mental Maturity (CTMM)

A wide-ranging group of intelligence tests that measure academic skills essential for school, such as learning, problem-solving and responding to new situations. Designed as a contrast to I.Q. tests that measure genetically predetermined intelligence, CTMM measures five academic skills: logical reasoning, spatial relationships, numerical reasoning, verbal concepts and memory. CTMM tests yield a score for each skill, an overall score for nonlanguage skills, a second overall score for language skills and a total score for the entire test. Separate tests are given for each of six school-grade ranges, from kindergarten through senior year of college. A short version of the test—the California Short-Form Test of Mental Maturity—is also available.

New York City

One of the world’s leading commercial, financial, cultural and educational centers, with more colleges and universities than any other city in the world.

Boston Museum of Fine Arts

One of the first public museums in the United States to dedicate itself primarily to the education of the public at large.

Bial-Dale College Adaptability Index

A highly controversial test developed in 1999 involving Lego blocks and in-depth interviews to identify such noncognitive skills of culturally and academically deprived college applicants.

African-American studies

A curriculum of literature, history, geography, languages, music, fine arts and other courses emphasizing the contributions of black Africans to the world and, especially, to the United States.

Margaret Mead (1901–1978)

Pioneer American anthropologist, sociologist, social critic and educational theorist whose studies of primitive cultures spawned a variety of conflicting pedagogies in American education.

Adult Learning

Adult learning is a phenomenon at once deceptively simple, yet enormously complex. 

Regular education initiative

An approach to mainstreaming that integrates special education and other resources, teachers and specialists into regular classrooms to provide special help to regular students as well as to special education students with chronic extra needs.

Francis W. Parker (1837–1902)

American educator acknowledged by JOHN DEWEY as the “father of modern education.”

Colonial education in America

The English tradition of formal and informal instruction of children in the American colonies.

George Ticknor (1791–1871)

American educator and originator of departmental curricular organization.

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