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California Test of Mental Maturity (CTMM)

A wide-ranging group of intelligence tests that measure academic skills essential for school, such as learning, problem-solving and responding to new situations. Designed as a contrast to I.Q. tests that measure genetically predetermined intelligence, CTMM measures five academic skills: logical reasoning, spatial relationships, numerical reasoning, verbal concepts and memory. CTMM tests yield a score for each skill, an overall score for nonlanguage skills, a second overall score for language skills and a total score for the entire test. Separate tests are given for each of six school-grade ranges, from kindergarten through senior year of college. A short version of the test—the California Short-Form Test of Mental Maturity—is also available.

Comprehensive examinations

A set of written or oral tests to measure a student’s total command of a subject—usually the student’s major subject at college or graduate school.

Private school

In modern American education, any school not operated or directly funded by a governmental agency.

Yearbook (student)

An annual high school,college or graduate school student publication,usually published in hardcover, to commemoratethe events of the previous academic year.

Diploma

An official document certifying graduation from an educational institution.

Residency requirement

In education, a state or local ordinance requiring that students attending free public schools be residents of the school district.

Enterprise schools

Public schools that are operated and administered by any of a variety of private, profit-making organizations instead of by school administrators hired by local SCHOOL BOARDS.

Delaware

One of the original 13 colonies and the first state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

Reading clues

A variety of elements in a written passage that indirectly suggest the meaning of a word, of a character’s personality or feelings or of story content and plot.

School-business partnerships

Any of a wide variety of formal or semiformal relationships between a company and its employees and one or more nearby schools and their teachers and students. 

Proficiency testing

An examination administered annually in many states and SCHOOL DISTRICTS to determine whether each student has mastered a subject sufficiently to warrant promotion to the next higher grade.

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