A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

California Test of Mental Maturity (CTMM)

A wide-ranging group of intelligence tests that measure academic skills essential for school, such as learning, problem-solving and responding to new situations. Designed as a contrast to I.Q. tests that measure genetically predetermined intelligence, CTMM measures five academic skills: logical reasoning, spatial relationships, numerical reasoning, verbal concepts and memory. CTMM tests yield a score for each skill, an overall score for nonlanguage skills, a second overall score for language skills and a total score for the entire test. Separate tests are given for each of six school-grade ranges, from kindergarten through senior year of college. A short version of the test—the California Short-Form Test of Mental Maturity—is also available.

Self-fulfilling prophecy

A meritless, biasbased prediction whose eventual fulfillment stems from the motivation of the prophesier to prove his or her prediction or bias true.

Decoding

The “sounding out” of individual letters and groups of letters to form whole words.

Adopt-a-School Program

A collaborative effort between local businesses and Chicago public schools to improve public school education and, in turn, improve the quality of the area’s workforce.

Junior Achievement

A nonschool business- education program for secondary school students, akin to the 4-H programs in agricultural education.

Educable mental retardation

An archaic term referring to a level of retardation that permits a limited degree of training and education.

Parietals

An all-but-archaic term referring to regulations and restrictions governing living conditions and visiting privileges permitted to the opposite sex in boarding school, college and university dormitories.

Nutrition

In education, the proper feeding and nourishment of children and adolescents.

Matriculation

A term widely used by colleges...

De facto segregation

In education, segregation of students according to race, religion, gender, ethnicity or some other criterion, occurring by custom and not by government fiat or laws.

Response to intervention (RTI)

A groundbreaking approach to identification and treatment of learning disabilities before students begin to fall behind academically and require formal special education services or removal into classes separate from mainstream classes.

Feedback