A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

California Test of Mental Maturity (CTMM)

A wide-ranging group of intelligence tests that measure academic skills essential for school, such as learning, problem-solving and responding to new situations. Designed as a contrast to I.Q. tests that measure genetically predetermined intelligence, CTMM measures five academic skills: logical reasoning, spatial relationships, numerical reasoning, verbal concepts and memory. CTMM tests yield a score for each skill, an overall score for nonlanguage skills, a second overall score for language skills and a total score for the entire test. Separate tests are given for each of six school-grade ranges, from kindergarten through senior year of college. A short version of the test—the California Short-Form Test of Mental Maturity—is also available.

Rhode Island

Last of the original 13 states to join the Union and one of the first to establish a free, universal public education system.

The Age of Learning: Seniors Learning

Older learning has become a major focus in international and national government’s educational and social policies.

Classroom noninstructional activities

Activities in classrooms unrelated to the subjects taught.

Daniel Coit Gilman (1831–1908)

American educator who, as first president of Johns Hopkins University, introduced the concepts of separate, freestanding graduate schools and research-oriented universities.

South Dakota

The 40th state to join the Union, in 1889; South Dakota opened its first school in 1860.

Carnegie Commission on Educational Television

A group of leading Americans whose study of the television industry in 1967 led to the creation of the first public television network in the United States.

United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW)

A nowdefunct cabinet department that included the Office of Education. 

Neef, Joseph (Francis) (1770–1854)

Alsatian- born teacher of languages and gymnastics at Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi’s Burgdorf School in Switzerland and the founder of the first Pestalozzian schools in the United States.

Phonics

A technique of teaching beginning reading by helping students associate a sound with each letter of the alphabet or letter combination, then “sounding out” complete words, letter by letter.

Software

All materials associated with computer operations other than the actual machinery (the hardware).

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