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Articulation (program)

The meshing of course materials within each school grade (horizontal) and between grades (vertical). Effective horizontal articulation interrelates all courses within a curriculum to each other. TEAM TEACHING has proved an effective method of achieving horizontal articulation, by tying studies of every subject in each grade to each other. Thus, a teaching team would tie the study of ancient Egypt in history class, for example, to the study of plane and solid geometry in mathematics class, to the study of mechanical advantage in physics (science) class, to the study of hieroglyphics in language class and to the study of one- and two-dimensional drawing in art.
Effective vertical articulation permits students to progress academically from grade to grade smoothly, with no curricular overlap or gap or radical changes in teaching methods between the end of a course in one year and the beginning of the same course the following year. To achieve effective vertical articulation, some schools assign one teacher to the same group of students for two or more consecutive years.
Ineffective articulation within an individual school is usually the result of ineffectual administration and curriculum supervision. Excessive teacher absenteeism and introduction of substitute teachers also produces poor articulation. The most difficult vertical articulation to achieve is between schools—elementary and middle, middle and high school and (the most difficult of all) high school and college.

Virginia (Commonwealth of)

Tenth of the original 13 states to join the Union, in 1788. 

John Broadus Watson (1878–1958)

American psychologist and founder of the behaviorist school of psychology that held personality, behavior and learning to be the result of training and conditioning rather than heredity.

Henrico College

A college that was to have been founded in Henrico, Virginia, originally “for the education of the children of those American Indian barbarians,” but later for both Indian and English children.

Mills v. District of Columbia Board of Education

A landmark 1972 class-action suit that established the constitutional right of handicapped children to free public school education.

Drop-add

A college-level, curriculum-alteration policy that defines the procedures and, if appropriate, penalties for dropping or adding courses.

Psalter

The Book of Psalms from the Old Testament, or a collection of psalms.

Andrew Carnegie (1835–1919)

Selfmade steel magnate and the first of the great philanthropists in American public education.

Wright v. Regan

A landmark, 1982 decision by the Circuit Court of Appeals for Washington, D.C., prohibiting the federal government from granting tax-exempt status to any private school that practices racial discrimination.

The Paideia Proposal

One of the most farreaching curriculum reform schemes developed in the late 20th century for public elementary and secondary schools.

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