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Articulation (program)

The meshing of course materials within each school grade (horizontal) and between grades (vertical). Effective horizontal articulation interrelates all courses within a curriculum to each other. TEAM TEACHING has proved an effective method of achieving horizontal articulation, by tying studies of every subject in each grade to each other. Thus, a teaching team would tie the study of ancient Egypt in history class, for example, to the study of plane and solid geometry in mathematics class, to the study of mechanical advantage in physics (science) class, to the study of hieroglyphics in language class and to the study of one- and two-dimensional drawing in art.
Effective vertical articulation permits students to progress academically from grade to grade smoothly, with no curricular overlap or gap or radical changes in teaching methods between the end of a course in one year and the beginning of the same course the following year. To achieve effective vertical articulation, some schools assign one teacher to the same group of students for two or more consecutive years.
Ineffective articulation within an individual school is usually the result of ineffectual administration and curriculum supervision. Excessive teacher absenteeism and introduction of substitute teachers also produces poor articulation. The most difficult vertical articulation to achieve is between schools—elementary and middle, middle and high school and (the most difficult of all) high school and college.

Delaware

One of the original 13 colonies and the first state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

Teaching machine

Any of a wide variety of mechanical, electric and electronic equipment for displaying programmed instruction for selfteaching.

Anglican Church

The Anglican Church is the official Church of England. United by faith rather than by apostolic authority and generally not adherents of predestination, Anglicans believe in salvation through observance of moral and ethical guidelines outlined in a set of liturgies from the Book of Common Prayer.

Departmental organization

An administrative arrangement of school, college and university academic operations into separate, autonomous departments based on subject areas...

Trivium and quadrivium

The two categories of the seven liberal arts, as taught in the first European universities during the Middle Ages. 

Psychological services

A wide variety of activities supervised by the school PSYCHOLOGIST and usually related to the planning...

Intelligence

A much-debated abstraction related to an individual’s ability to reason and learn.

Normal distribution curve

A bell-shaped graph representing the distribution of scores to form a symmetrical pattern, with the same number of scores evenly distributed on either side of a vertical line drawn from the baseline of the graph to the peak of the bell curve.

Telelecture

Live instruction delivered to television monitors at remote locations via telephone or cable lines.

George Ticknor (1791–1871)

American educator and originator of departmental curricular organization.

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