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Articulation (program)

The meshing of course materials within each school grade (horizontal) and between grades (vertical). Effective horizontal articulation interrelates all courses within a curriculum to each other. TEAM TEACHING has proved an effective method of achieving horizontal articulation, by tying studies of every subject in each grade to each other. Thus, a teaching team would tie the study of ancient Egypt in history class, for example, to the study of plane and solid geometry in mathematics class, to the study of mechanical advantage in physics (science) class, to the study of hieroglyphics in language class and to the study of one- and two-dimensional drawing in art.
Effective vertical articulation permits students to progress academically from grade to grade smoothly, with no curricular overlap or gap or radical changes in teaching methods between the end of a course in one year and the beginning of the same course the following year. To achieve effective vertical articulation, some schools assign one teacher to the same group of students for two or more consecutive years.
Ineffective articulation within an individual school is usually the result of ineffectual administration and curriculum supervision. Excessive teacher absenteeism and introduction of substitute teachers also produces poor articulation. The most difficult vertical articulation to achieve is between schools—elementary and middle, middle and high school and (the most difficult of all) high school and college.

A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform

A 65-page report on the quality of American public education prepared in 1983 by the NATIONAL COMMISSION ON EXCELLENCE IN EDUCATION.

John Brinsley (d. 1633)

English preacherschoolmaster and author of A Consolation for Our Grammar Schooles (1622), which became a standard pedagogical guide for Puritan schoolmasters in the colonies.

American Federation of Labor

A confederation of workers formed in 1886 by 25 craft unions.

English schools

A type of colonial American primary school whose curriculum was a precursor of the modern curriculum stressing reading...

Dependents’ schools

A system of elementary and secondary schools maintained by the federal government for minor dependents of U.S. military and civilian personnel stationed overseas.

North Haven Board of Education v. Bell

A 1982 U.S. Supreme Court decision that extended the reach of a law prohibiting gender discrimination in federally funded education programs to school and college employees as well as students.

Constitution of the United States

The document ratified in 1788 that provides the philosophic and legal basis for governing the United States and outlines the rights of its people.

Tachistoscope

A mechanical device to improve a learning-disabled student’s perception and reading speed...

Almanacs

Almanacs originated in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome as annual astronomical calendars that were divided into months, weeks, and days.

Rumsfeld v. Forum for Academic and Institutional Rights (FAIR)

A U.S. Defense Department lawsuit challenging the right of 38 law schools to bar military recruiters from their campuses.

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