A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Articulation (program)

The meshing of course materials within each school grade (horizontal) and between grades (vertical). Effective horizontal articulation interrelates all courses within a curriculum to each other. TEAM TEACHING has proved an effective method of achieving horizontal articulation, by tying studies of every subject in each grade to each other. Thus, a teaching team would tie the study of ancient Egypt in history class, for example, to the study of plane and solid geometry in mathematics class, to the study of mechanical advantage in physics (science) class, to the study of hieroglyphics in language class and to the study of one- and two-dimensional drawing in art.
Effective vertical articulation permits students to progress academically from grade to grade smoothly, with no curricular overlap or gap or radical changes in teaching methods between the end of a course in one year and the beginning of the same course the following year. To achieve effective vertical articulation, some schools assign one teacher to the same group of students for two or more consecutive years.
Ineffective articulation within an individual school is usually the result of ineffectual administration and curriculum supervision. Excessive teacher absenteeism and introduction of substitute teachers also produces poor articulation. The most difficult vertical articulation to achieve is between schools—elementary and middle, middle and high school and (the most difficult of all) high school and college.

Community Schools and Comprehensive Education Act of 1978

A section (Title VIII) of the Educational Amendments of 1978 to provide federal grants to states and COMMUNITY EDUCATION agencies for “educational...

Culture deprivation

A lack of social, cultural and educational training necessary to participate successfully in society at large.

United States Merchant Marine Academy

A publicly supported, four-year institution of higher education offering maritime, military and engineering programs to train officers for the United States merchant marine and the maritime industry in general.

Fitzgerald Act

A 1937 federal law passed unanimously by Congress directing the secretary of labor “to formulate and promote the furtherance of labor standards necessary to safeguard the welfare of apprentices.

microteaching

A miniaturized exercise in teaching, used in training student teachers.

4-H Clubs

An educative organization for nearly 7 million youngsters 9 to 19, founded in Iowa in 1906 to help farm youth “learn by doing.”

Copybook

An elementary school textbook for teaching penmanship.

Dyslexia

A learning disability of otherwise normal children characterized by an inability to read, write and spell at an appropriate level at any given age.

Richard Allestree (1619–1681)

Professor of divinity at Christ Church, Oxford University, England, provost of Eton College and author of popular devotional literature which, in the absence of schools in the wilderness of North America, became the essential primers for educating colonial children.

Yale-New Haven Teachers

A pioneer collaborative venture between Yale University and the public school system of the city of New Haven.

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