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Articulation (program)

The meshing of course materials within each school grade (horizontal) and between grades (vertical). Effective horizontal articulation interrelates all courses within a curriculum to each other. TEAM TEACHING has proved an effective method of achieving horizontal articulation, by tying studies of every subject in each grade to each other. Thus, a teaching team would tie the study of ancient Egypt in history class, for example, to the study of plane and solid geometry in mathematics class, to the study of mechanical advantage in physics (science) class, to the study of hieroglyphics in language class and to the study of one- and two-dimensional drawing in art.
Effective vertical articulation permits students to progress academically from grade to grade smoothly, with no curricular overlap or gap or radical changes in teaching methods between the end of a course in one year and the beginning of the same course the following year. To achieve effective vertical articulation, some schools assign one teacher to the same group of students for two or more consecutive years.
Ineffective articulation within an individual school is usually the result of ineffectual administration and curriculum supervision. Excessive teacher absenteeism and introduction of substitute teachers also produces poor articulation. The most difficult vertical articulation to achieve is between schools—elementary and middle, middle and high school and (the most difficult of all) high school and college.

Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education (1969)

One of three U.S. Supreme Court decisions to speed the pace of desegregation and outlaw all efforts to evade it.

Florida

The 27th state admitted to the Union, in 1845. Little is known about early education in Florida.

Reading lists

In education, any roster of books and other reading materials deemed appropriate in terms of content, language and readability for a youngster at a specific age or grade in elementary or secondary school.

Factory education

Instruction of vocational and academic skills in factories by factory-hired teachers.

Sea-grant colleges

A group of colleges in five coastal states that trains professional officers for the United States Merchant Marine. 

Patterning

In language education, a manyfaceted term referring to the combination of verbal elements to produce a complete message.

International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement

An organization founded in 1959 to provide comparative assessments of schools and student achievement in member nations.

Chalkboard

A once-ubiquitous, four-foothigh, black or green slate panel affixed to classroom walls to permit teachers (and students) to write instructional materials in chalk for students to copy into their notebooks.

Vicarious learning

A second- or third-hand learning process, whereby an individual learns from the experiences or purported knowledge of others.

Emma Hart Willard (1787–1870)

America’s first woman educator and founder of the first school for women that offered a curriculum equivalent to that of men’s academies and colleges.

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