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Articulation (program)

The meshing of course materials within each school grade (horizontal) and between grades (vertical). Effective horizontal articulation interrelates all courses within a curriculum to each other. TEAM TEACHING has proved an effective method of achieving horizontal articulation, by tying studies of every subject in each grade to each other. Thus, a teaching team would tie the study of ancient Egypt in history class, for example, to the study of plane and solid geometry in mathematics class, to the study of mechanical advantage in physics (science) class, to the study of hieroglyphics in language class and to the study of one- and two-dimensional drawing in art.
Effective vertical articulation permits students to progress academically from grade to grade smoothly, with no curricular overlap or gap or radical changes in teaching methods between the end of a course in one year and the beginning of the same course the following year. To achieve effective vertical articulation, some schools assign one teacher to the same group of students for two or more consecutive years.
Ineffective articulation within an individual school is usually the result of ineffectual administration and curriculum supervision. Excessive teacher absenteeism and introduction of substitute teachers also produces poor articulation. The most difficult vertical articulation to achieve is between schools—elementary and middle, middle and high school and (the most difficult of all) high school and college.

Comprehensive Child Development Act

An act passed by Congress, but vetoed by President Richard M. Nixon in 1971.

United States Office of Education

A federal agency and forerunner of the Department of Education, originally founded as the Bureau of Education in 1867 to gather and disseminate statistics on education in the United States.

Projects

In education, tasks involving independent research, self-directed learning and independent problem solving and designed to supplement classroom and textbook instruction.

American Bible Society

An organization formed in 1816 to promote the distribution of Bibles and other religious publications—a task it continues to perform to this day.

International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement

An organization founded in 1959 to provide comparative assessments of schools and student achievement in member nations.

Completion test

A commonly used type of objective test which asks the student to “fill in the blank” by providing a missing word or phrase in an incomplete sentence.

Adult Learning, Instruction and Programme Planning: Insights from Freire

Paulo Freire (1921–97) was one of the most influential educationists of the twentieth century.

Principal

The title of the chief executive or administrative officer of an elementary, middle or high school.

African-American studies

A curriculum of literature, history, geography, languages, music, fine arts and other courses emphasizing the contributions of black Africans to the world and, especially, to the United States.

Dormitory

A residence hall for students, usually a multistoried facility, with individual rooms or suites...

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