A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Articulation (program)

The meshing of course materials within each school grade (horizontal) and between grades (vertical). Effective horizontal articulation interrelates all courses within a curriculum to each other. TEAM TEACHING has proved an effective method of achieving horizontal articulation, by tying studies of every subject in each grade to each other. Thus, a teaching team would tie the study of ancient Egypt in history class, for example, to the study of plane and solid geometry in mathematics class, to the study of mechanical advantage in physics (science) class, to the study of hieroglyphics in language class and to the study of one- and two-dimensional drawing in art.
Effective vertical articulation permits students to progress academically from grade to grade smoothly, with no curricular overlap or gap or radical changes in teaching methods between the end of a course in one year and the beginning of the same course the following year. To achieve effective vertical articulation, some schools assign one teacher to the same group of students for two or more consecutive years.
Ineffective articulation within an individual school is usually the result of ineffectual administration and curriculum supervision. Excessive teacher absenteeism and introduction of substitute teachers also produces poor articulation. The most difficult vertical articulation to achieve is between schools—elementary and middle, middle and high school and (the most difficult of all) high school and college.

Transcript

An official, printed record of astudent’s academic grades and school or collegeperformance, usually carrying an explanationof the school’s grading system and a raised sealor other certification of authenticity.

Family resource education

A segment of home economics education dealing with all aspects of the family and the home...

Migrant education

The formal schooling of children of migrant agricultural workers with no permanent residence.

Educational Products Information Exchange Institute (EPIE)

A nonprofit organization chartered by the Regents of the University of the State of New York as a clearinghouse of information on educational products for school districts and state educational agencies nationwide.

Summer jobs

For full-time students, paid employment during school or college summer vacation months.

Project Advance

The largest of the 2,000 SCHOOL-COLLEGE PARTNERSHIP programs in the United States, allowing gifted high school students to earn credits for college-level courses while still attending high school.

Manpower Development and Training Act of 1962 (MDTA)

A legislative element of the WAR ON POVERTY that established occupational training and retraining programs for the unemployed.

National Defense Education Act

Federal legislation passed in 1958 providing $3 billion in federal funds to improve science and mathematics education in the United States.

Resident student

In higher education, a state university student who is a legal resident of the state and therefore entitled to a lower tuition rate than nonresident students.

Portfolio

A selective collection of an individual student’s work over a specific period of time—usually a month, semester or school year.

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