A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Metropolitan Achievement Tests

One of the most widely used batteries of standardized tests to measure student achievement in grades K through 12. There are six batteries of tests: Primer, for grades k-1.4; Primary I, for 1.5–2.4; Primary II, for 2.5–3.4; Elementary, for 3.5– 4.9; Intermediate, for 5.0–6.9; Advanced, for 7.0–9.5; and High School, for grades 9–13. The Primer measures reading and writing ability and ability to listen for sounds. The Primary I subtests are “Word Knowledge,” “Word Analysis,” “Reading,” “Mathematics Computation” and “Mathematics Concepts.” As the tests become more advanced, they add such subtests as “Mathematics Problem Solving,” “Science,” “Social Science” and “Spelling.” The high school battery measures achievement in language arts, social studies, mathematics and science. Published by the Psychological Corporation/ Harcourt Brace & Co., the tests last from about an hour to as long as 4½ hours, depending on grade level. Other widely used achievement tests include the California Achievement Test, the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills and the STANFORD ACHIEVEMENT TEST.

National Institute of Education (NIE)

A now-defunct division of the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, created by Congress in 1972 as an agency for educational...

Extracurricular (extraclass) activities

Planned activities organized and sanctioned by a school or college that bear no direct relationship to the academic curriculum.

Fellowship

A nontaxable financial award, usually to graduate school students, for educational costs and some living expenses.

California Achievement Test (CAT)

One of the most widely used basic educational skills tests for measuring reading, mathematics and language skills of children from the middle of first grade through high school.

Science education centers

Educational organizations specializing solely in science instruction to student groups of all ages, from kindergarten children to senior citizens.

Foundation school

An independent Jewish elementary day school that combines religious and academic studies,usually under the sponsorship of Conservative or Orthodox Jewish trustees.

Stanine

An interval on a scale of nine intervals.An acronym of the words standard nine, astanine scale uses a mean of 5.00, with a standarddeviation of plus or minus 1.96. A farbroader, and therefore less precise, method ofmeasuring a distribution of scores than PERCENTILES,the stanine distribution was developedduring World War II by the Army Air Force PsychologyProgram as a broad method of groupingtest scores into relatively comparablecategories.

International Year of the Child

An ambitious international effort to improve the lot of children everywhere on the planet.

Pupil accounting

An individual and cumulative record-keeping system for all student...

Lester Frank Ward (1841–1913)

American sociologist and educator, considered by many the “father” of modern sociology.

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