A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Metropolitan Achievement Tests

One of the most widely used batteries of standardized tests to measure student achievement in grades K through 12. There are six batteries of tests: Primer, for grades k-1.4; Primary I, for 1.5–2.4; Primary II, for 2.5–3.4; Elementary, for 3.5– 4.9; Intermediate, for 5.0–6.9; Advanced, for 7.0–9.5; and High School, for grades 9–13. The Primer measures reading and writing ability and ability to listen for sounds. The Primary I subtests are “Word Knowledge,” “Word Analysis,” “Reading,” “Mathematics Computation” and “Mathematics Concepts.” As the tests become more advanced, they add such subtests as “Mathematics Problem Solving,” “Science,” “Social Science” and “Spelling.” The high school battery measures achievement in language arts, social studies, mathematics and science. Published by the Psychological Corporation/ Harcourt Brace & Co., the tests last from about an hour to as long as 4½ hours, depending on grade level. Other widely used achievement tests include the California Achievement Test, the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills and the STANFORD ACHIEVEMENT TEST.

Josiah Strong (1847–1916)

American religious leader who tried to unite American Protestant churches in a crusade to Christianize the United States, using education and the nation’s schools as primary vehicles.

Stevens Institute of Technology

The world’s first college to offer a degree in mechanical engineering.

Thomas H. Gallaudet (1787–1851)

Pioneer educator of the hearing-impaired and founder of the first U.S. school for the deaf.

Alexia

The inability to read because of brain damage.

Master teacher

A formal title developed in the 1950s to differentiate and reward teachers who have superior classroom skills and who have also made outstanding contributions to their school.

Stafford Loans

The largest and best known federal government program of educational loans to college students during the 1980s and 1990s.

Child-referenced test

A type of test that compares the child’s knowledge after instruction to what the child knew before.

Catholic University of America

The national university of the Catholic Church in America.

Migrant education

The formal schooling of children of migrant agricultural workers with no permanent residence.

Gesell School Readiness Screening Test

A widely used method of determining whether to admit children to kindergarten or allow them to spend another year in preschool.

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