A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Metropolitan Achievement Tests

One of the most widely used batteries of standardized tests to measure student achievement in grades K through 12. There are six batteries of tests: Primer, for grades k-1.4; Primary I, for 1.5–2.4; Primary II, for 2.5–3.4; Elementary, for 3.5– 4.9; Intermediate, for 5.0–6.9; Advanced, for 7.0–9.5; and High School, for grades 9–13. The Primer measures reading and writing ability and ability to listen for sounds. The Primary I subtests are “Word Knowledge,” “Word Analysis,” “Reading,” “Mathematics Computation” and “Mathematics Concepts.” As the tests become more advanced, they add such subtests as “Mathematics Problem Solving,” “Science,” “Social Science” and “Spelling.” The high school battery measures achievement in language arts, social studies, mathematics and science. Published by the Psychological Corporation/ Harcourt Brace & Co., the tests last from about an hour to as long as 4½ hours, depending on grade level. Other widely used achievement tests include the California Achievement Test, the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills and the STANFORD ACHIEVEMENT TEST.

Public school

Any elementary or secondary school under control of elected or appointed civil authority, supported entirely by public tax monies, and, with few exceptions, open to all students in a designated district free of any tuition charges.

Speed test

A standardized test designed to measure student ability to respond instantly in an anxiety-provoking situation—i.e., under pressure of examination.

Parent effectiveness training (PET)

The education of parents in effective techniques of raising their children, or “parenting.”

Lillian D. Wald (1867–1940)

American public-health nurse and social reformer. 

American Association of University Professors

A powerful professional organization founded in 1915 by a group that included Columbia University’s JOHN DEWEY.

Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton (1744–1821)

American educator and philanthropist who founded the Roman Catholic school system in the United States.

Middle school

A freestanding school housing pre-adolescents and early adolescents in the “middle” years between childhood and adolescence.

Index salary schedule

Index salary scheduleA list of ratios relating the salaries of school teaching and nonteaching personnel to an arbitrarily selected unit figure of 1.00 for one member of the staff.

Commission on Higher Education

A group established in 1946 by President Harry S. Truman to study the role of higher education in American life.

Child abuse

A catch-all crime defined in the U.S. Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (1974) as “the physical or mental injury...

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