A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Metropolitan Achievement Tests

One of the most widely used batteries of standardized tests to measure student achievement in grades K through 12. There are six batteries of tests: Primer, for grades k-1.4; Primary I, for 1.5–2.4; Primary II, for 2.5–3.4; Elementary, for 3.5– 4.9; Intermediate, for 5.0–6.9; Advanced, for 7.0–9.5; and High School, for grades 9–13. The Primer measures reading and writing ability and ability to listen for sounds. The Primary I subtests are “Word Knowledge,” “Word Analysis,” “Reading,” “Mathematics Computation” and “Mathematics Concepts.” As the tests become more advanced, they add such subtests as “Mathematics Problem Solving,” “Science,” “Social Science” and “Spelling.” The high school battery measures achievement in language arts, social studies, mathematics and science. Published by the Psychological Corporation/ Harcourt Brace & Co., the tests last from about an hour to as long as 4½ hours, depending on grade level. Other widely used achievement tests include the California Achievement Test, the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills and the STANFORD ACHIEVEMENT TEST.

The Nation’s Report Card

A popular name for the NATIONAL ASSESSMENT OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS, which tests a sample school-aged population each year to measure achievement in a range of academic areas.

Mary Steichen Calderone (1904–1998)

Quaker physician, pioneer crusader in sex education and birth control and cofounder of SIECUS, the Sex Information and Education Council of the United States.

Teaching method

Any of a variety of systematic instructional techniques that can be applied to a broad range of academic subjects.

Teacher warranty program

A teacher-support system offered by various colleges of education to help ensure the success of their graduates during their first year as probationary teachers.

Herbartianism

The concepts of German philosopher/educator Johann Friedrich Herbart (1776–1841)...

Anglican Church

The Anglican Church is the official Church of England. United by faith rather than by apostolic authority and generally not adherents of predestination, Anglicans believe in salvation through observance of moral and ethical guidelines outlined in a set of liturgies from the Book of Common Prayer.

Nevada

The 36th state to join the Union, in 1864, and until the 1960s, the nation’s most sparsely settled state.

Teachers’ institutes

Intensive, multi-day or week-long training programs for teachers.

Presidential Scholar in the Arts

An honorary, nonmonetary award given by the president of the United States each year to 20 American high school seniors deemed by the National Endowment for the Arts to be most talented in the performing arts.

Syms School

The first school founded in England’s southern colonies, in what is now Virginia.

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